CompositionChlorhexidine Gluconate (0.2% w/v) SALT INFORMATIONChlorhexidine Gluconate (0.2% w/v) TYPICAL USAGE Abrasion, bladder irrigation, bleeding, burns, cuts, gingivitis, infected cracked skin, minor burns, minor scalds, pleural and peritoneal irrigation, skin infections, skin lesions, sunburn blisters, ulcers, urethral infection. SIDE EFFECTS Shortness of breadth, hemolysis, hypersensitivity reactions, photophobia, slurred speech, allergic skin reactions, nausea, vomiting, allergic reactions, photosensitivity, skin irritation, skin sensitization, irritation of sensitive tissues, dermatitis, taste disturbances, teeth discoloration. DRUG INTERACTION Chlorhexidine is known to interact with other drugs like povidone-iodine. These interactions are sometimes beneficial and sometimes may pose threats to life. Always consult your physician for the change of dose regimen or an alternative drug of choice that may strictly be required. MECHANISM OF ACTION Chlorhexidine's antimicrobial effects are associated with the attractions between chlorhexidine (cation) and negatively charged bacterial cells. After chlorhexidine is absorpted onto the organism's cell wall, it disrupts the integrity of the cell membrane and causes the leakage of intracellular components of the organisms.